What Is COVID-19 Virus and How to Treat
COVID-19 is a rare virus, which causes a type of respiratory infection called as Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (COLD) in humans. It is not an extremely contagious virus and generally spreads through direct contact with another person or animals that have the virus. The incubation period for COVID-19 virus is around two weeks and the virus can be detected in patients’ blood during the early stages. The virus attacks the respiratory tract in the lung, throat, bronchial airways, and mouth and also causes inflammation of the lining of the lungs’ alveoli.
How Is Covid-19 Spread?
The cold virus is spread to other parts of the body through mucous membrane and airborne particles. COVID-19 virus spreads through coughing, sneezing, sharing of towels or clothes, coughing in the same breath as another person, or even from touching contaminated objects. COVID-19 virus is usually present in healthy animals and in animals that have been infected with other viruses. There are different types of symptoms that might appear in patients with COVID-19 infection. One of the common symptoms that may appear in humans is shortness of breath. This can lead to pneumonia.
The symptoms of COVID-19 might lead to shortness of breath, but these symptoms usually fade away over time and do not cause any serious problems in long term health of an individual. In addition, COVID-19 infection is not contagious.
Like all cold viruses, COVID-19 virus can cause fever, headache, and fatigue. The most common sign that may indicate COVID-19 infection in humans is the presence of a watery discharge from the nose, throat, or mouth.
How Is Covid-19 Diagnosed?
COVID-19 infection is diagnosed through a test called PCR in the blood. PCR test is an important tool for diagnosis because it can provide a positive or negative result depending on the PCR results.
COVID-19 infections are a major concern because the virus can spread between people through cough, sneezing, and sharing of clothing or utensils. The virus is found to live for three to nine months without any signs of disease.
If you experience shortness of breath, unexplained fever, headache, or other symptoms, you should visit a doctor for a possible diagnosis of COVID-19 infection. You can consult your family physician, a respiratory specialist, or your family dentist.
You can perform PCR test by using a specimen from the patient’s blood. The test is performed in the lab by inserting the blood sample into the PCR machine that produces a reaction. Your doctor might also want you to do a blood test at home to confirm whether or not your symptoms are caused by COVID-19 infection.
A combination of antiviral therapy is prescribed to treat COVID-19 infections. Treatment depends on the cause of the virus. Most patients receive antiviral medications for the infection to help relieve the symptoms and control the spread of the virus. Antiviral drugs might include cimetidine, valacyclovir, famciclovir, and amoxicillin.